DISINFACTS | Special edition 2023

15 Labels for forest stewardship The seals of the Forest Stewardship Council® (FSC) and the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC) both certify that the wood used for a product comes from sustainably managed forests. This means that forests are not overexploited and biodiversity is preserved. Furthermore, fair labour conditions are promoted and community rights are taken into account. Both organisations are internationally active and recognised [4, 5]. TÜV Rheinland (Germany) certifies industrially compostable products. Consumers can rely on the fact that certified materials, packaging, and products are biodegradable and can be returned to the industrial circular economy [6]. TÜV Austria offers a similar certification, whereby a distinction is made here between industrial compostability and compostability in consumers' own gardens [7]. This distinction is important because garden compost has a lower temperature due to the smaller amount of waste and composting is therefore slower and more difficult. Labels for compostability KNOWLEDGE References 1. https://www.verbraucherzentrale.de/wissen/lebensmittel/lebensmittelproduktion/recyclingcode-das-bedeuten-die-symbole-auf-verpackungen-11941 (accessed 23/06/2023) 2. https://eu-ecolabel.de/ (accessed 23/06/2023) 3. https://www.bmuv.de/themen/nachhaltigkeit-digitalisierung/konsum-und-produkte/eu-umweltzeichen-eu-ecolabel (accessed 23/06/2023) 4. www.fsc.org (accessed 23/06/2023) 5. www.pefc.org (accessed 23/06/2023) 6. https://flustix.com/ (accessed 23/06/2023) 7. https://www.dincertco.de/din-certco/de/main-navigation/products-and-services/certification-of-products/environmental-field/flustix-plastikfrei/ (accessed 23/06/2023)